Internet Music Theory Database
A Collection of Scores and Sound Files

Prof. Timothy Cutler
Cleveland Institute of Music

HOME >> Chapter 19

Chapter 19: Mixture


Ex.a .swf .pdf .mov Mozart, Piano Sonata in C Major, K. 330, mvt. 1, mm. 145-150
Ex.b .swf .pdf .mov Haydn, Piano Sonata in C Major, Hob. XVI:50, mvt. 2, mm.59-63
Ex.c .swf .pdf .mov Beethoven, Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat Major, op. 73, mvt. 2, mm. 28-32
Ex.d .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, "Du bist die Ruh," mm. 25-30
Ex.e .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, D. 960, mvt. 1, mm. 1-20
Ex.f .swf .pdf .mov Chopin, Mazurka in f minor, op. 63 no. 2, mm. 49-56
Ex.g .swf .pdf .mov Prokofiev, Violin Concerto No. 1 in D Major, op. 19, mm. 1-13


Ex.h .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, Sonata for Piano and Violin in A Major, op. 162, mvt. 3, mm. 87-92
Ex.i .swf .pdf .mov Beethoven, Piano Sonata in F-sharp Major, op. 78, mvt. 2, mm. 116-124
Ex.j .swf .pdf .mov Brahms, Ballade in B Major, op. 10 no. 4, mm. 1-4
Ex.k .swf .pdf .mov Bruckner, Symphony no. 8 in c minor, mvt. 3, mm. 1-6
Ex.l .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, Piano Sonata in A Major, D. 664, mm. 50-75
Ex.m .swf .pdf .mov Chopin, Mazurka in D-flat Major, op. 30 no. 3, mm. 79-95
Ex.n .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, String Quartet in G Major, op. 161. mvt. 1, mm. 1-10
Ex.o .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, String Quartet in G Major, op. 161. mvt. 1, mm. 435-444
Ex.p .swf .pdf .mov Chopin, Nocturne in A-flat Major, op. 32 no. 2, mm. 1-2
Ex.q .swf .pdf .mov Dvorak, Cello Concerto in b minor, op. 104, mvt. 1, mm. 346-348
Ex.r .swf .pdf .mov Paradis, Sicilienne, mm. 1-6
Ex.s .swf .pdf .mov Chopin, Polonaise in A-flat Major, op. 53, mm. 175-181
Ex.t .swf .pdf .mov Mozart, Piano Quartet in g minor, K. 478, mvt. 3, mm. 338-351
Ex.u .swf .pdf .mov Wagner, Overture to "The Flying Dutchman," mm. 387-398
Ex.v .swf .pdf .mov Chopin, Mazurka in b-flat minor, op. 24 no. 4, mm. 131-146
Ex.w .swf .pdf .mov Gershwin, Rhapsody in Blue, mm. 1-6
Ex.x .swf .pdf .mov Brahms, Symphony no. 3 in F Major, Op. 90, mvt. 1, mm.1-7
Ex.y .swf .pdf .mov Brahms, Symphony no. 3 in F Major, Op. 90, mvt. 2, mm.128-134
Ex.z .swf .pdf .mov Mahler, Symphony no. 2 in c minor, mvt. 1, mm. 433-445

Picardy Third

Ex.a1 .swf .pdf .mov Bach, Concerto for Two Violins in d minor, BWV 1043, mvt. 1, mm. 85-88
Ex.b1 .swf .pdf .mov Chopin Nocturne in c-sharp minor (1830), mm. 57-65
(discrepancies between score and sound)
Ex.c1 .swf .pdf .mov Brahms, "Anklänge," op. 7 no. 3, mm. 33-44
Ex.d1 .swf .pdf .mov Dvorak, Symphony no. 7 in d minor, op. 70, mm. 425-434
(listen to wrong note in m. 430!)
Ex.e1 .swf .pdf .mov Brahms, Piano Trio no. 2 in C Major, op. 87, mvt. 3, mm. 165-175
Ex.f1 .swf .pdf .mov Shostakovich, Symphony no. 5 in d minor, op. 47, mvt. 3, mm. 180-189
Ex.g1     .mov Orff, Carmina Burana, mvt. 1 (end) sound only
Ex.h1     .mov Beethoven, String Quartet in c minor, op. 16 no. 4, mvt. 4 (end) sound only

Saint-Saëns, Cello Concerto no. 1 in a minor, op. 33, mvt. 3 (end) no score, no sound

Ex.j1       Beethoven, Symphony no. 5 in c minor, op. 67, mvt. 4 (entire) no score, no sound

Plagal cadences/progressions

Ex.k1 .swf .pdf .mov Chopin, Fantasy in f minor, op. 49, mm. 326-332
Ex.l1 .swf .pdf .mov Liszt, Transcendental Etude no. 4., mm. 196-202
Ex.m1 .swf .pdf .mov Schubert, Mass no. 6 in E-flat Major, D. 950, mvt. 1, mm. 158-164
Ex.n1 .swf .pdf .mov Bruch, Scottish Fantasy, op. 46, mvt. 3, mm. 85-98


Ex.o1 .swf .pdf .mov Beethoven, Piano Trio in E-flat major, op. 70 no. 2, mvt. 3, mm. 87-109
Ex.p1 .swf .pdf .mov Rachmaninoff, Prelude in F Major, op. 32 no. 7, mm. 41-45

Ambiguous Endings

Ex.q1 .swf .pdf .mov Brahms, "Lied," op. 3 no.4, mm. 41-48
Ex.r1 .swf .pdf .mov Prokofiev, Violin Sonata no. 1 in f minor, op. 80, mvt. 4, mm. 223-233
Ex.s1 .swf .pdf .mov Walton, Viola Concerto, mvt. 3, mm. 297-301
Ex.t1 .swf .pdf .mov Britten, Violin Concerto, op. 15, mvt. 3, mm. 196-211

Larger-scale Uses

Major and minor tonic:

  1. Bach, Violin Partita no. 2 in d minor, BWV 1004, Chaconne
  2. Beethoven, Symphony no. 7 in A major, op. 92, mvt. 2
  3. Goldmark, Violin Concerto no. 1 in a minor, op. 28, mvt. 2
  4. Schubert, "Die Liebe Farbe" (Die Schöne Müllerin no. 16)
  5. Schubert, Ständchen (Schwanengesang no. 4)
  6. Chopin, Prelude in D-flat Major, op. 28 no. 15 (enharmonic)

Flat VI: Mahler, Symphony no. 1 in D Major, mvt. 2.

Flat III: Haydn, Symphony no. 103 in E-flat Major, mvt. 3.


Reverse Picardy Endings (major-mode works ending in the parallel minor)

  1. Brahms, Rhapsodie, op. 119 no. 4
  2. Chopin, Nocturne, op. 32 no. 1 (Although I have heard the final chord with both D and D# on recordings, my Urtext score has the former)
  3. Schubert, Impromptu no. 2 in E-flat, D. 899; Schubert, Moments musicaux no. 6 in A-flat, D. 780
  4. Mendelssohn, Symphony no. 4 in A Major, op. 90 (last movement in minor); Strauss, Don Juan, op. 20;
  5. Sibelius, Symphony no. 4 in a minor, op. 63, mvt. 4.

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