Internet Music Theory Database
A Collection of Scores and Sound Files

Prof. Timothy Cutler
Cleveland Institute of Music

HOME >> Chapter 7

Chapter 7: Cadential Six-Four Chord (V6/4)

Beginning on V6/4 and related chords

V64h1 .pdf .mp3 Schumann, “Frühlingslust”, op. 125 no. 2, mm. 1-4
V64i1 .pdf .mp3

Chopin, Prelude in A-flat Major, op. 28 no. 17, mm. 1-4

V64j1 .pdf .mp3 Schubert, “Lied der Mignon”, D. 877 no. 3, mm. 1-7
V64k1 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “Die Schnur, die Perl an Perle”, op. 57 no. 7, mm. 1-7

V6/4-5/3

V64l1   .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Piano Concerto no. 2 in B-flat Major, op. 19, mvt. 2, mm. 1-3
V64m1   .pdf .mp3 Schumann, “Vom Schlaraffenland”, op. 79 no. 5, mm. 1-6
V64n1   .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “Magyarisch”, op. 46 no. 2, mm. 1-7
V64o1   .pdf .mp3 Bruckner, Tantum Ergo no. 3, mm. 1-4
V64c .swf .pdf .mp4 Bruckner, Tantum Ergo no. 3, mm. 22-28
V64b .swf .pdf .mp4 Bruckner, Tantum Ergo no. 2, mm. 19-27
V64p1   .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “Treue Liebe dauert lange”, op. 33 no. 15, mm. 1-6
V64f .swf .pdf .mp4 Beethoven, Piano Sonata in f minor, op. 2 no. 1, mvt. 2, mm. 1-8
V64n .swf .pdf .mp4 Mozart, Piano Sonata in F Major, K. 332, mvt. 1, mm. 94-109
V64q1   .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Violin Concerto in C Major, Hob. VIIa: 1, mm. 40-45

V64r1   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI: 40, mvt. 1, mm. 1-4
V64s1   .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Trio in B-flat Major, op. 97, mvt. 3, mm. 1-8

V64t1   .pdf .mp3 Schumann, Kinderszenen, op. 15 no. 13 (“Der Dichter spricht”), mm. 1-4
V64u1   .pdf .mp3

Cherubini, Requiem in c minor, Pie Jesu, mm. 72-78

V64v1   .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Sonata in A-flat Major, op. 110, mvt. 2, mm. 144-158

V64w1   .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in C Major, Hob. XVI: 7, mvt. 2, mm. 29-36

V64a .swf .pdf .mp4 J. S. Bach, Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II, Prelude in f minor, BWV 881, mm. 1-4
V64x1   .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in g minor, Hob. XVI: 44, mvt. 2, mm. 1-6

V64y1   .pdf .mp3 Tchaikovsky, Children’s Songs, op. 54 no. 5 (“Legend”), mm. 1-8
V64z1   .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Piano Quartet no. 1 in g minor, op. 26, mvt. 4, mm. 173-176
V64h .swf .pdf .mp4 Brahms, "Die Trauerende", op. 7 no. 5, mm. 1-9
V64a2   .pdf .mp3 Mozart, “Ridente la calma”, K. 152, mm. 1-7
V64b2   .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Piano Sonata in E Major, D. 157, mvt. 2, mm. 1-8
V64c2   .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Piano Sonata in c minor, K. 457, mvt. 2, mm. 1-5

V64d2   .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Violin Sonatina no. 3 in g minor, D. 408, mvt. 2, mm. 1-4
V64e2   .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Piano Concerto no. 24 in c minor, K. 491, mvt. 2, mm. 1-4
V64f2   .pdf .mp3 Handel, Messiah, HWV 56, Part III no. 41, mm. 1-6

V8/6/4-7/5/3

V64g2   .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Salve Regina, D. 386, mm. 1-4
V64g .swf .pdf .mp4 Mozart, Piano Sonata in A Major, K. 331, mvt. 1, mm. 1-8
V64h2   .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Piano Sonata in G Major, op. 14 no. 2, mvt.1, mm. 166-174
V64i2   .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Piano Trio in B-flat major, op. 97, mvt. 4, mm. 254-277
V64m .swf .pdf .mp4 Beethoven, Piano Sonata in c-sharp minor, op. 27 no. 2, mvt. 2, mm. 1-16
V64j2   .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Violin Sonata in C Major, K. 296, mvt. 3, mm. 160-167
V64e .swf .pdf .mp4 Beethoven, Piano Sonata in c-sharp minor, op. 27 no. 2, mvt. 1, mm. 53-60
V64k2   .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II, Fugue in E Major, BWV 878, mm. 42-43
V64d .swf .pdf .mp4 Beethoven, String Quartet in D Major, op. 18 no. 3, mvt. 1, mm. 1-10
V64l2   .pdf .mp3 Mendelssohn, Psalm 115, op. 31, mvt. 1
V64m2   .pdf .mp3 Handel, Messiah, HWV 56, Part I no. 1, mm. 94-97

V6/4-V7(freer texture)

V64n2   .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Violin Sonata in C Major, K. 303, mvt. 2, mm. 1-4
V64o2   .pdf .mp3

Schubert, 36 Originaltänze, D. 365 no. 32, mm. 1-8

V64i .swf .pdf .mp4 Brahms, "Gestillte Sehnsucht", op. 91 no. 1, mm. 32-41
V64j .swf .pdf .mp4 Brahms, "Gestillte Sehnsucht", op. 91 no. 1, mm. 59-67
V64k .swf .pdf .mp4 Chopin, Mazurka in A-flat Major, op. 24 no. 3, mm. 1-12

V6/4-V4/2-I6

V64p2   .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Concerto no. 4 in G Major, op. 58, mvt. 1, mm. 60-62

V64l .swf .pdf .mp4 Beethoven, Piano Sonata in A Major, op. 101, mvt. 1, mm. 67-81
V64q2   .pdf .mp3 Mendelssohn, Violin Concerto in E minor, op. 64, mvt. 1, mm. 485-493
V64r2   .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Violin Concerto in D Major, op. 61, mvt. 1, mm. 315-321

Delayed or absent fourth

V64s2   .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “Morgen muss ich fort von hier”, WoO 38 no. 17, mm. 11-16
V64q .swf .pdf .mp4 J. S. Bach, Sonata no. 3 in C Major for Solo Violin, BWV 1005, mvt. 3, mm. 18-21
V64t2   .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, String Trio in E-flat Major, op. 3, mvt. 4, mm. 133-141

V64u2   .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “So wünsch ich ihr ein gute Nacht”, WoO 33 no. 18, mm. 1-8
V64o .swf .pdf .mp4 Mozart, Piano Sonata in D Major, K. 576, mvt. 2, mm. 62-67
V64v2   .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II, Prelude in D Major, BWV 874, mm. 1-5
V64w2   .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in A Major, Hob. XVI: 12, mvt. 3, mm. 1-7

V64x2   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI: 6, mvt. 4, mm. 1-5
V64y2   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, Hob. XVI: 18, mvt. 2, mm. 1-8
V64z2   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in A Major, Hob. XVI: 5, mvt. 2, mm. 1-4
V64a3   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in D Major, Hob. XVI: 24, mvt. 2, mm. 1-8
V64p .swf .pdf .mp4 Scarlatti, Keyboard Sonata in d minor, K. 77, mvt. 1, mm. 40-47
(recording with guitar transposed to g minor)

Fourth ascends

V64b3 .pdf .mp3 Bruckner, Tantum Ergo no. 2, mm. 13-16
V64c3 .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Sonata in f minor, op. 2 no. 1, mvt. 3, mm. 5-14

V64d3 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, String Quartet in F Major, K. 158, mvt. 1, mm. 119-127
V64e3 .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Symphony no. 3 in E-flat Major, op. 55, mvt. 4, mm. 95-99
V64f3 .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Sonata in C Major, op. 2 no. 3, mvt. 2, mm. 5-8

V64g3 .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in e minor, Hob. XVI: 34, mvt. 2, mm. 5-8

Atypical resolutions

V64h3   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Symphony no. 90 in C Major, mvt. 1, mm. 204-207
V64i3   .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Violin Partita no. 2 in d minor, BWV 1004, Chaconne, mm. 1-5
V64j3   .pdf .mp3

Cherubini, String Quartet no. 5 in F Major, op. posth., mvt. 2, mm. 1-4

V64k3   .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Variations on “God Save the King”, WoO 78, mm. 1-6

V64f1 .swf .pdf .mp4 Chopin, Etude in E Major, op. 10 no. 3, mm. 67-77
V64l3   .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Sonata in A-flat Major, op. 110, mvt. 4, mm. 108-117

V64m3   .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Piano Trio no. 2 in E-flat Major, D. 929, mvt. 3, mm. 30-51
V64g1 .swf .pdf .mp4 Scriabin, Prelude in e-flat minor, op. 16 no. 4 (entire)

V6/4 (cadential 6/4) and I6/4 (passing 6/4)

V64n3 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Piano Sonata in D Major, K. 311, mvt. 2, mm. 1-8

V6/4 (cadential 6/4) and V6/4 (passing 6/4)

V64o3 pdf mp3 Beethoven, Piano Sonata in E Major, op. 14 no. 1, mvt. 2, mm. 9-16

Virtuoso figuration and prolongation

V64u .swf .pdf .mp4 Haydn, Symphony no. 83 in g minor, mvt. 1, mm. 33-45
V64p3   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, Hob. XVI: 41, mvt. 1, mm. 36-48
V64v .swf .pdf .mp4 Chopin, Etude in c minor, op. 10 no. 12, mm. 70-77
V64w .swf .pdf .mp4 Dvorak, Violin Concerto in a minor, op. 53, mvt. 3, mm. 766-795
V64x .swf .pdf .mp4 Mendelssohn, Violin Concerto in e minor, op. 64, mvt. 3, mm. 190-222
V64y .swf .pdf .mp4 Grieg, Violin Sonata no. 3 in c minor, op. 45, mvt. 2, mm. 21-46

Embellished with neighboring figures

V64q3   .pdf .mp3 Mendelssohn, String Quartet in A Major, op. 13, mvt. 1, mm. 1-6
V64r3   .pdf .mp3

Schumann, “Schlusslied des Narren”, op. 127 no. 5, mm. 1-11

V64s .swf .pdf .mp4 J.S. Bach, English Suite no. 6 in d minor, BWV 811, Sarabande, mm. 17-24 (also see Double)
V64s3   .pdf .mp3 Schumann, “Kinderwacht”, op. 79 no. 21, mm. 1-3
V64t3   .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach, no. 40, BWV 517, mm. 29-32
V64u3   .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Chorale no. 220 (“Sollt’ ich meinem Gott nicht singen”), mm. 1-4
V64r .swf .pdf .mp4 J. S. Bach, Partita no. 1 in B-flat Major, BWV 825, Sarabande, mm. 24-28
V64v3   .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Piano Concerto no. 4 in G Major, op. 58, mvt. 2, mm. 35-38 (piano solo only)
V64t .swf .pdf .mp4 Mozart, Violin Concerto no. 5 in A Major, K. 219, mvt. 2, mm. 23-29
V64w3   .pdf .mp3

Schumann, “Lied”, op. 29 no. 2, mm. 43-53

Cadenzas

V64x3   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, String Quartet in D Major, op. 17 no. 6, mvt. 3, mm. 35-39
V64y3   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in D Major, Hob. XVI: 19, mvt. 2, mm. 106-115
V64e1 .swf .pdf .mp4 Mozart, Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, K. 333, mvt. 3, mm. 168-175
V64b1 .swf .pdf .mp4

Mozart, Violin Concerto no. 5 in A Major, K. 219, mvt. 2, mm. 120-128

V64c1 .swf .pdf .mp4 Beethoven, Piano Concerto no. 4 in G Major, op. 58, mvt. 1, mm. 341-348
V64z3   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI: 39, mvt. 2, mm. 39-60
V64a1 .swf .pdf .mp4 Haydn, Cello Concerto no. 2 in D Major, mvt. 1, mm. 174-182
V64a4   .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI: 6, mvt. 3, mm. 23-25
V64z .swf .pdf .mp4 Vitali, Chaconne in g minor, mm. 195-203
V64d1   .pdf .mp4

Mozart, Sinfonia Concertante in E-flat Major, K. 364, mvt. 2, mm. 116-143

Inverted V6/4 ("I6" with a voice exchange)

Inverted cadential six-four chords occur when one or more of the nonharmonic tones (6 and 4) occur beneath the root of the dominant harmony. The result is a visual “I6” or, less often, “I5/3,” but one that functions as an unstable cadential six-four and not as a stable tonic harmony. Numerous factors can suggest the presence of an inverted cadential six-four chord, such as preceding harmonies with clear predominant function or the employment of a voice exchange between the inverted and traditional positions of the cadential six-four. Composers often use inverted cadential six-four chords because of voice-leading issues. This is especially clear in Ex. V64f5, where the inclusion of a traditional V6/4 on the downbeat of m. 56 would create parallel octaves in the outer voices.

For more on inverted cadential six-four chords see Timothy Cutler, “On Voice Exchanges,” Journal of Music Theory 53, no. 2 (Fall 2009), pp. 191-226.

All inverted cadential six-four chords are marked with an asterisk or bracket.

V64b4 .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Violin Sonatina in g minor, D. 408, mvt. 4, mm. 140-149
V64c4 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Six Variations on an Allegretto, K. 547b, mm. 1-8

V64d4 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Violin Sonata in B-flat Major, K. 378, mvt. 2, mm. 1-8

V64e4 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, Violin Sonata no. 2 in A Major, op. 100, mvt. 3, mm. 1-12

V64f4 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, String Quartet in d minor, K. 421, mm. 22-24 (compare with mm. 92-94)

V64g4 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Piano Sonata in G Major, K. 283, mvt. 2, mm. 33-37

V64h4 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Violin Sonata in B-flat Major, K. 378, mvt. 1, mm. 175-184
V64i4 .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in g minor, Hob. XVI: 44, mvt. 1, mm. 17-20

V64j4 .pdf .mp3 Schumann, Dichterliebe, op. 48 no. 4 (“Wenn ich in deine Augen seh'”), mm. 1-8
V64k4 .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Die Winterreise, D. 911 no. 2 (“Der Wind spielt mir der Wetterfahne”), mm.  25-34
V64l4 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, String Quartet in d minor, K. 421, mvt. 1, mm. 36-39 (compare with mm. 106-108)
V64m4 .pdf .mp3

Mendelssohn, Violin Concerto in e minor, op. 64, mvt. 2, mm. 37-40

V64n4 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, The Magic Flute, K. 620, Act I, Quintet, mm. 117-124 (voices only)

V64o4 .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Missa in Angustiis (“Nelson Mass”), Hob. XXII: 11, Et incarnates, mm. 1-8
V64p4 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, Piano Quartet no. 3 in c minor, op. 60, mvt. 4, mm. 291-295

V64q4 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Piano Sonata in a minor, K. 310, mvt. 1, mm. 116-129
V64r4 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, String Quartet in F Major, K. 168, mvt. 2, mm. 43-47 (compare with mm. 10-13)
V64s4 .pdf .mp3

Chopin, Etude in e minor, op. 25 no. 5, mm. 53-60

V64t4 .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Invention no. 4 in d minor, BWV 775, mm. 44-52
V64u4 .pdf .mp3 Paganini, Caprice in E-flat Major, op. 1 no. 23, mm. 13-16
V64v4 .pdf .mp3

Tchaikovsky, Piano Trio in a minor, op. 50, mvt. 1, mm. 14-20

V64w4 .pdf .mp3

Schumann, “Der traurige Jäger”, op. 75 no. 3, mm. 1-8

V64x4 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, K. 333, mvt. 2, mm. 13-20 (v. e. implied)
V64y4 .pdf .mp3

Haydn, String Quartet in E Major, op. 2 no. 2, mvt. 2, mm. 17-24 (v. e. implied)

V64z4 .pdf .mp3

Beethoven, Piano Trio in E-flat Major, op. 1 no. 1, mvt. 2, mm. 13-20 (v. e. implied)

V64a5 .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Sinfonia no. 9 in f minor, BWV 795, mm. 1-5 (v. e. implied)
V64b5 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Horn Concerto in D Major, K. 412, mvt. 1, mm. 22-29 (v. e. implied)

Inverted V6/4 ("I6" without a voice exchange)

V64c5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Neue Liebeslieder, op. 65 no. 5 (“Wahre, wahre deinen Sohn”), mm. 1-4
V64d5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Zigeunerlieder, op. 103 no. 1 (“He, Zigeuner, griefe in die Saiten ein!”), mm. 81-93
V64e5 .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Cello Suite no. 3 in C Major, BWV 1009, Courante, mm. 41-56
V64f5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “Klage II”, op. 69 no. 2, mm. 50-57
V64g5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Piano Sonata no. 3 in f minor, op. 5, mvt. 2, mm. 11-18
V64h5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Concerto for Violin and Cello in a minor, op. 102, mvt. 1, mm. 423-428
V64i5 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, Intermezzo in a minor, op. 76 no. 7, mm. 28-32

V64j5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Waltz in A-flat Major, op. 39 no. 15, mm. 1-8
V64k5 .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Piano Trio no. 1 in B-flat Major, D. 898, mvt. 3, Trio, mm. 1-16
V64l5 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, Clarinet Sonata no. 2 in E-flat Major, op. 120 no. 2, mvt. 2, mm. 81-85

V64m5 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, “Sankt Raphael”, WoO 34 no. 7, mm. 1-6
V64n5 .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach (arr. Schumann), Solo Violin Sonata in g minor, BWV 1001, mvt. 4, mm. 79-82
V64o5 .pdf .mp3 Sibelius, Finlandia, op. 26, mm. 61-74
V64p5 .pdf .mp3 Mendelssohn, Paulus, op. 36 no. 2, mm. 7-8
V64q5 .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in B-flat Major, Hob. XVI: 2, mvt. 1, mm. 125-143
V64r5 .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in E-flat Major, Hob. XVI: 45, mvt. 1, mm. 82-85

V64s5 .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in b minor, Hob. XVI: 32, mvt. 1, mm. 19-25
V64t5 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Symphony no. 21 in A Major, K. 134, mvt. 1, mm. 35-42 (compare with mm. 104-111)

V64u5 .pdf .mp3

Haydn, Piano Sonata in G Major, Hob. XVI: G1, mvt. 1, mm. 74-80

V64v5 .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in D Major, Hob. XVI: 33, mvt. 1, mm. 153-166
V64w5 .pdf .mp3 Haydn, Piano Sonata in D Major, Hob. XVI: 19, mvt. 1, mm. 91-102
V64x5 .pdf .mp3

Haydn, String Quartet in d minor, op. 9 no. 4, mvt. 3, mm. 64-70

V64y5 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, “Meerfahrt”, op. 96 no. 4, mm. 21-25

V64z5 .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Violin Concerto in a minor, BWV 1041, mvt. 1, mm. 143-146
V64a6 .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Piano Concerto no. 3 in c minor, op. 37, mvt. 3, mm. 1-8
V64b6 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Violin Sonata in F Major, K. 377, mvt. 2, mm. 57-64
V64c6 .pdf .mp3

Saint-Saëns, String Quartet no. 1 in e minor, op. 112, mvt. 1, mm. 1-17

V64d6 .pdf .mp3 Brahms, Symphony no. 4 in e minor, op. 98, mvt. 4, mm. 1-8
V64e6 .pdf .mp3

Mozart, Sinfonia Concertante in E-flat Major, K. 364, mvt. 2, mm. 120-122

V64f6 .pdf .mp3

J. S. Bach, The Musical Offering, BWV 1079, mvt. 1, mm. 10-18

V64g6 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, “Gang zur liebsten”, WoO 38 no. 2 (all)

V64h6 .pdf .mp3

Brahms, “Der Zimmergesell”, WoO 38 no. 11, mm. 1-4

Inverted V6/4 ("I5/3")

V64i6 .pdf .mp3 J. S. Bach, Violin Concerto in a minor, BWV 1041, mvt. 1, mm. 102-105
V64j6 .pdf .mp3 Schubert, Die Winterreise, D. 911 no. 1 (“Gute Nacht”), mm. 7-11
V64k6 .pdf .mp3 Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in g minor, op. 8 no. 2 (“Summer”), mvt. 1, mm. 12-30
V64l6 .pdf .mp3

Vivaldi, Violin Concerto in d minor, RV 242, mvt. 2, mm. 9-16

V64m6 .pdf .mp3

J. S. Bach, Chorale no. 217 (“Ach Gott, wie manches Herzelied”), mm. 1-8

V64n6 .pdf .mp3 Mozart, Symphony no. 17 in G Major, K. 129, mvt. 2, mm. 60-67
V64o6 .pdf .mp3 Beethoven, Piano Concerto no. 4 in G Major, op. 58, mvt. 1, mm. 29-32
V64p6 .pdf .mp3

Paganini, Caprice in g minor, op. 1 no. 6, mm. 8-11

V64q6 .pdf .mp3 Paganini, Caprice in A Major, op. 1 no. 21, mm. 3-10 (compare with mm. 19-26)
V64r6 .pdf .mp3

Paganini, Caprice in c minor, op. 1 no. 4, mm. 11-16

 

 

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